Pincushion Peperomia


Pincushion Peperomia

Pincushion Peperomia is a small perennial semi-succulent species from the family Piperaceae, commonly known as the pepper family, and native to Peru and the rain forests of South America.

The scientific name of this Peperomia plant also refers to its connection with the pepper plant – Peperomia is derived from two Greek words peperi meaning pepper and homoios meaning resembling.

What an interesting plant! The leaves of this small plant are thick and curved, and they look a lot like green beans, which is why it’s called “Happy Bean.”

The dark stripe on the top of the leaf is actually a window that lets light into green cells inside the leaf. This is where the plant does its photosynthesis.

The pincushion peperomia grows into a small shrub with a lot of green branches, but it doesn’t get taller than 30 cm (1 foot) or wide.

Sometimes, yellow-green spikes appear at the ends of the branches.

These are the flower stems, and they look like cones. Because they’re more interesting than attractive, you can just get rid of them.

It’s known by the following common names:

Pincushion Peperomia Care

Size & Growth

Despite the fact the scientific name of a happy bean plant refers to its relationship with the pepper family, it has a different appearance than most other peperomias, which display rounded leaves.

The pincushion Peperomia Ferreyrae plant grows up to 12” inches tall and features narrow, slender, and glabrous lime green leaves, which are peapod shaped and grow along thick and erect green stems up to 3” inches.

Flowering and Fragrance

Peperomia Ferreyra produces clusters of yellow flowers, but they are tiny and inconsequential and hold no value in comparison to the unique foliage.

Light & Temperature

The plant requires bright light to grow well, however, it can survive in lower light conditions or partial shade.

It cannot tolerate too much direct sunlight or full sun.

An ideal location for the Peperomia Ferreyrae plant would be a place where it receives indirect bright light for part of the day or grown under an artificial grow light.

The ideal temperature range for this species of pepper family is 65° – 75° degrees Fahrenheit (18° – 24° C).

The Peperomia Ferreyra plant isn’t winter hardy and cannot tolerate temperatures below 50° degrees Fahrenheit (10° C).

In addition to the warmer temperatures, pincushion peperomia also likes humid conditions.

While the natural humidity level at room temperature is fine in most cases, place a pebble tray filled with water under the plant if the air gets too dry during the summer months.

Alternatively, mist the leaves to maintain the humidity levels in hot, dry weather.

The plant grows in USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11.

Peperomia Ferreyrae planted ina decorative clay pot.

Watering and Feeding

Watering is probably the only tricky task when it comes to growing and caring for pincushion peperomia.

On one hand, the plant requires its soil to remain slightly moist, but on the other hand, it is very sensitive to overwatering.

This often makes it challenging to water the plant, particularly for those who are new to gardening.

Since the leaves of the peperomia plant are semi-succulent, they store some amount of water.

Hence, the Peperomia Ferreyrae plant is moderately drought tolerant.

A great tip given by experts to avoid overwatering is to let the topsoil dry out completely and then water thoroughly.

Water only sparingly in winter.

Feed the plant with a diluted liquid fertilizer once every two weeks, in spring when the plant is actively growing.

Reduce the fertilization to once a month in summer and stop it completely after the end of the summer season.

Do not feed the plant fall and winter.


Humans, dogs, and cats are not poisoned by this peperomia. Despite the fact that its leaves resemble green beans, they are not considered edible.

Additional Information

If the branches become too long or unattractive, don’t be afraid to prune them; otherwise, the plant will lose its attractiveness. Pruning, on the other hand, revitalizes it and encourages the emergence of new, shorter branches.

Fragrance and Flowering

Peperomia Ferreyra has clusters of yellow flowers, however, they are small and insignificant in comparison to the distinctive foliage.

Temperature & Light

The plant thrives under bright light for at least part of the day. It can, however, thrive under lower light levels, partial shade, or under artificial grow lighting.

It is unable to withstand direct sunshine or full sun.

The optimal temperature range for this pepper family species is 65° to 75° Fahrenheit (18° to 24° C).

The Peperomia Ferreyra plant does not survive the winter. It can’t stand temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius).

Pincushion peperomia prefers humid environments in addition to warmer temps.

In most circumstances, the natural humidity level at room temperature is sufficient. If the air becomes dry during the summer, place a pebble tray filled with water under the plant.

Soil & Transplanting

Peperomia plant grows best in peat-based, well-aerated soil with excellent drainage.

Use a potting mix prepared with two parts peat and one part perlite or sand for best results.

Transfer the plant to a new pot of the same size or just one pot size bigger in spring to refresh the soil.

Grooming and Maintenance

The happy bean plant is not hard to grow or maintain.

It neither creeps out of its space and takes over the neighboring plants nor requires pruning, making it an ideal choice for gardeners looking for hassle-free plant species.

How to Propagate Pincushion Peperomia

Just like African violets, most species of Pincushion Peperomia are best propagated through stem and leaf cuttings.

  • Take 2″ – 3″ inches (5-8 cm) long petiole leaf cuttings with a couple of leaves.
  • Let the wounds of the cuttings dry out for a day before replanting them.
  • Keep the newly planted cuttings covered with plastic and make sure it gets plenty of bright, indirect light and warm temperature, ideally around 68° degrees Fahrenheit (20° C), until new growth appears.
  • Keep the soil moist, but refrain from watering too much.

Pincushion Peperomia Pest or Diseases

The Peperomia Ferreyrae is susceptible to mealybugs, those little white bugs on plants.

So it is recommended to watch out for cottony white masses on the undersides of leaves and the stems.

Overwatering causes wilting, or the appearance of scab-like protrusions on leaves, and sudden temperature changes (exposure to cold conditions) can lead to massive leaf-drop, in some cases.

Decorative clay pot planted with Peperomia Ferreyrae

Pincushion Peperomia Uses

As mentioned above, a happy bean plant is mainly grown for its unique and attractive foliage.

While it is grown in both gardens and as a houseplant, its small size makes it ideal for dish gardens, conservatories, greenhouses, and as a potted plant for window sills and even for desktops.

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